If you stand at the edge of the deep end of your pool and look down, you should see beautiful, clear waters—that is, if your maintenance routine is on the mark. Below those waters, you should also be able to locate a drain at the bottom of your pool. It might seem like a simple device and easy to overlook, but that feature actually contributes to a vital part of your pool’s overall health—and you’re about to learn all about it.
I’ll explain what exactly your pool’s main drain is, how it connects to your circulation system, how it works, and how to assess whether or not yours is safe for swimmers. We’ll also go over how to fix a clogged main drain and how to plug it up for the winter. Get ready to know the answer to all your main drain problems. We’re going in.
What is Your Pool’s Main Drain?
The main drain is that vent-like square or circle located at the bottom of your pool, though ideally yours has more than just one—more on that later. Basically, it sucks in water, similar to the skimmer on the side of your pool. In fact, the skimmer and your pool’s main drain work together to keep your pool water circulating, healthy, and clean.
Your pool’s skimmer gets a lot of air time, but the main drain is the primary way that water is drawn from your pool into the pump and filter.
How Does Your Main Drain Connect to Your Pool’s Circulation?
In order to understand how your main drain connects to your pool’s circulation system, let’s debrief on how water moves through your plumbing and equipment. Spoiler alert: the main drain is the first step to circulation (though circulation by definition is ongoing!).
First, your pump sucks in water from the pool through the main drain (!) and the skimmer. Next, water passes through the pump’s strainer basket, which catches large debris like leaves. It also passes into the filter, which cleans the water of microscopic debris and contaminants. Finally, the water passes out of the filter and back into the pool through the pool jets.
It might be hard to see, but your pump is moving an intense amount of water through your system—especially if you have the right-sized pump for you. Ideally, your pump’s turnover rate is about eight hours, which means that all of the water in your pool goes through the above steps in that time. Now consider the fact that most pools contain around 30,000 gallons of water—that’s a lot of movement!
Without the help of a main drain, your pool wouldn’t be as efficient. Your pump needs to be able to suck in a lot of water to keep its turnover rate on the mark. Thankfully, your pool’s main drain makes it happen.
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How Does Your Pool’s Main Drain Work?
Again, your pool’s skimmer comes in handy when describing how a main drain works. Much like a skimmer, your pool’s main drain is an outlet that houses a pipe which runs to the pump and connects to the larger system. But how it actually works—just like every other part of your circulation system—is entirely reliant on the pump. When the pump isn’t on, water isn’t actively being sucked from the main drain. Instead, it’s more or less stagnant on the drain, though without plugging the main drain entirely, some water will lazily work its way into the pipes. That’s why it’s important to plug your drain before the winter—and I’ll explain how to do that later.
How to Tell If Your Main Drain is Working
If you’re not sure that your main drain is working, well, make sure the pump is on first! Again, it’s the pump that powers the drain. And if you’re still not sure whether or not your main drain is pulling in water, all you need is a leaf to be sure.
The test is as simple as this: put a leaf on your main drain. If it floats around a bit, your main drain isn’t working, which usually means that it’s clogged up with debris. If the leaf sticks, your main drain is in working order. Booyah.
Do You Have a Safe Main Drain?
Here’s the immensely unfortunate thing about main drains: they have actually been the culprit for a fair amount of tragedies, specifically the drownings of humans and animals.
In order to understand why this seemingly harmless feature has caused these tragedies, consider how a main drain works. When the pump is on, it’s sucking a large amount of water—again, more than the skimmer—through your system. That means that it provides a high amount of suction. If swimmers or animals are on the other side of that suction—especially those who are smaller in size—they could and have gotten trapped against the drain.
That being said, this devastating outcome is happening a lot less often. That’s because newer pools are being designed with this hazard in mind, and usually have at least two main drains as a result, which cuts the suction power in half and significantly reduces risk. It’s also recommended that your main drain have an approved cover—otherwise, they look like big holes and are too powerful for swimmer safety.
In order to assess the safety of your main drain, first make sure that you have at least two. If you only have one, it’s important to take extra precautions. Any swimmers with long hair should tie theirs up into a ponytail or bathing cap, and all jewelry should be removed prior to entering the pool. It’s also essential that no swimmers play with or sit on either the main drain or your pool’s wall vacuum fittings.
And if your main drain cover is missing or broken, don’t allow anyone to enter the pool. No exceptions—it’s just not worth the risk.
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Can You Use a Main Drain to Drain Your Pool?
It’s a bit confusing, I know, since “main drain” is its name, but main drains aren’t actually used to drain pools. The word “drain” actually refers to water moving to your pump. Main drains only direct through your circulation system—not away from it. You’ll have to use a submersible pump for that job.
How to Fix a Clogged Main Drain
That leaf trick I showed you earlier indicating that your main drain is blocked? Debris is probably the culprit. Here’s how to unclog a main drain:
- Power off your pump and disconnect it from its power source. This is absolutely non-negotiable—and the only way to unclog your main drain safely!
- Time for some deep-end diving. Remove your main drain cover. This will take a few tries. Don’t try to stay underwater more than your lungs allow. I even recommend having a buddy watch over this process, just in case.
- Once your main drain cover is off, place a pool plunger over the drain. Push down on the plunger, then lift up. Repeat this motion several times to force the clog up and out of the drain.
- Next, place the drain cover back on the drain, and use an automatic cleaner to vacuum all the junk that you’re now swimming with (sorry about that!).
- If clogged after this process, it’s time to drain your pool and pour down a safe-for-pools drain cleaner into your main drain. This will help break down extra debris that your plunger didn’t pull up. Then, go ahead and refill your pool.
How to Plug a Main Drain
If you live in a place with freezing temperatures, it’s recommended that you plug your main drain before closing down your pool for the winter. That’s because the main drain could leak water into your system, even if your pump isn’t on. If that water the freezes, it expands, and could potentially crack your plumbing. Since your pool’s circulation operates using a significant amount of suction, any crack in your plumbing is going to present some major problems, including a total burst.
To plug a main drain during the pool winterizing process, first make sure that your pump is off and disconnected from power. Next, use a screwdriver to unscrew the lip of the main drain lid and take the lid off. Locate the small hole at the bottom of the main drain, and plug it with an expandable rubber plug or, if the hole is threaded, a plastic threaded plug. If you can, replace the main drain lid again. That’s it!
If you do need to drain your pool, the main drain won’t help you. Instead, you want a powerful, reliable, and heavy-duty cover pump like the BLACK+DECKER 1500 GPH Automatic Submersible Pump. Check out this user review to find out more.
Wasn’t Too Draining, Was It?
There you go: everything you could ever want to know about your pool’s main drain. Since this piece is essential to your pool’s circulation system, you know that much more about the overall needs and operations of your pool, too. And most importantly: you can swim even more safely. That’s what it’s all about. Enjoy.
How does the pool main drain work? ›
A pool's so-called main drain is not actually a drain; that is, it is not used to drain the pool. Instead, it is an outlet, housing a pipe that runs to the pump, which sucks water through a skimmer, then through a filter, then through a heater (if you have one), and then back to the pool via multiple inlets.How do I know if my main drain is working? ›
The test is as simple as this: put a leaf on your main drain. If it floats around a bit, your main drain isn't working, which usually means that it's clogged up with debris. If the leaf sticks, your main drain is in working order.Should the main drain valve be open in pool? ›
For proper water circulation, it is best to position the flap so that it is about 2/3 closed. This will allow for more flow through the main drain than through the skimmer, which will promote a "bottom-to-top" circulation throughout the pool.Can pool main drain get clogged? ›
A pool's main drain can become clogged with debris. Your swimming pool's main drain requires regular maintenance. Although the rest of the pool's parts, such as the filter, may seem to be working just fine, the drain is always at risk of getting clogged.Should I Use main drain or skimmers? ›
If the pool receives a lot of leaves and other debris, more suction may be required at the skimmer than the main drain to adequately strain debris floating on the surface. Conversely, if dirt on the bottom of the pool is the principal contaminant, more suction is required at the main drain.Where does pool main drain go? ›
The main drains are usually located on the lowest point in the pool, so the entire pool surface slants toward them. Most of the dirt and debris that sinks exits the pool through these drains.How do I unclog my main pool drain? ›
- Clean Out the Drain Grate. Turn off the pump first. ...
- Remove the Drain Cover. Undo the screws on the cover. ...
- Use a Pool Plunger. The next step is to use a plunger. ...
- Drain Snake. This is a tool plumbers use to clear pipes. ...
- Use a Drain King.
- Clean the Area. While you can't clear the clog yourself, you can clean up any sewage and keep everyone away from the contaminated areas. ...
- Don't Ignore the Problem or Use Drain Cleaner. Don't try to use drain cleaner to unclog the sewer line. ...
- Shut Off the Water. ...
- Contact a Plumber.
It can usually be found in the basement, garage, or crawl space. You will want to look for a pipe that is about four inches in diameter with a screw cap on the top with a notch or a square knob at the top. Note that some houses have an indoor sewer line cleanout point, while others might be located outdoors.Do you close main drain when vacuuming pool? ›
When you want to vacuum make sure you close the main drain side so that all of the suction is coming from the skimmer line. At this point, the vac hose is now attached to the vac head and the whole thing is in the pool attached to the vacuum pole.
Can you run a pool without the main drain? ›
Main drains are not required in an inground swimming pool, however, they are strongly recommended and can be extremely useful in some circumstances. The advantages of main drains are to give you the ability to drain the water from your pool without the use of a sump pump. This is useful when replacing your pool liner.What position should my pool valves be set? ›
The valves would be set as skimmer open, main drain closed. Most cleaners come with a skimmer adapter that allow adjustable flow to be able to skim as well as having the cleaner connected.What are the 2 holes in skimmer? ›
The hole closer to the pool connects to the main drain. The other hole goes to the pump. As water is drawn out of the skimmer by the pump, water flows from the drain into the skimmer. There are devices that more directly connect the two pipes to increase flow from the drain.Why do skimmers have two holes? ›
A skimmer is a necessary element of keeping a pool clean. The skimmer sits at the waterline and catches leaves, bugs and trash so they do not clog the filter. Skimmers with a second hole help keep the pump from running dry if the water level is unstable.How do I get more suction on my skimmer? ›
Solution. The fix is quite simple. Open the valve that fills your pool and make sure it reaches the recommended levels for the size of your pool and your skimmer. The water level must be at around half of the opening of the skimmer to ensure a steady state of water pressure.How do you winterize an inground pool main drain? ›
How do I winterize my main drain line? - YouTubeDo pools need 2 drains? ›
When constructing a new swimming pool, if you are going to use a main drain it is required that you use two. This is due to safety regulations to help prevent Main Trap Entrapment. Main drain entrapment occurs when the suction is so great through a single main drain that a person can become stuck on or in the drain.How deep are pool pipes buried? ›
How Deep Should Pool Plumbing Pipes be Buried? Your plumbing lines should be about 2 ft underground to protect them from surface soil slip and shift and from freezing temperatures.Can you snake pool pipes? ›
Also, do not try using a plumber's "snake." A snake typically doesn't work on pool pipes because pools use 90-degree elbows and house plumbing uses 90-degree "sweeps," which allow the snake to round the corners. Also, a sewer-line snake should not be used on a pool for sanitary reasons.How do I turn on the main drain in my pool? ›
Explanation of Skimmer and Main Drain - YouTube
How do you close the main drain line in a pool? ›
How do I winterize my main drain line? - YouTubeHow do I fix a leak in my main pool drain? ›
Pool Leak Fix - How to Seal Leak Around Main Drain Suction LineHow do you stop a pool main drain? ›
Locate the small hole at the bottom of the main drain. This is the plumbing line to the filter. Plug the small hole with an expandable rubber plug or a plastic threaded plug, if the hole is threaded. Replace the main drain lid if needed.